Cholelithiasis refers to the presence of abnormal concretions (gallstones) in the gallbladder and choledocholithiasis refers to gallstones in the common bile duct. Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder that most commonly occurs after cystic duct obstruction from cholelithiasis (calculous cholecystitis).


Can drinking water help gallstones? And, drinking plenty of water, at least six to eight glasses per day, will help keep bile production running smooth. Aside from just for bile, pure water can also aid in flushing cholesterol out of the body in general. So, drink some water and keep those juices flowing for a healthy gall bladder.

what are the causes of cholelithiasis?

Gallstones occur when bile forms solid particles (stones) in the gallbladder. The stones form when the amount of cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile is high. Other substances in the bile may promote the formation of stones.

Does cholelithiasis require surgery? If your gallstones aren't causing symptoms, there's no need for you to have surgery. You'll only need it if a stone goes into, or blocks, one of your bile ducts. This causes what doctors call a “gallbladder attack.” It's an intense, knife-like pain in your belly that can last several hours.

Is cholelithiasis serious? More serious complications include cholecystitis; biliary tract obstruction (by stones in the bile ducts [choledocholithiasis]), sometimes with infection (cholangitis); and gallstone pancreatitis. Diagnosis is usually by ultrasonography. If cholelithiasis causes symptoms or complications, cholecystectomy is necessary.

What foods and drinks cause gallstones? High-fat foods include: Fried foods, like french fries and potato chips. High-fat meats, such as bacon, bologna, sausage, ground beef, and ribs. High-fat dairy products, such as butter, cheese, ice cream, cream, whole milk, and sour cream. Pizza. Foods made with lard or butter. Creamy soups or sauces. Meat gravies. Chocolate.

What is the most common treatment for gallstones? Many patients have gallbladder surgery to alleviate pain and to avoid the potentially serious conditions caused by gallstones. In fact, surgery — in this case, a cholecystectomy, or gallbladder removal — is the most common form of treatment for gallstones.

What are the risk factors for cholelithiasis?

Factors that may increase your risk of gallstones include: Being female. Being age 40 or older. Being a Native American. Being a Mexican American. Being overweight or obese. Being sedentary. Being pregnant. Eating a high-fat diet.

Is cholelithiasis dangerous?

In a rare but dangerous condition that occurs most often in older women, gallstones migrate into the small intestine and block the passageway into the large intestine; symptoms include severe and frequent vomiting.

Can stress cause gallstones?

Stress-induced inhibition of gall bladder emptying could affect energy assimilation such that subordinate animals would not be able to effectively convert energy-rich food into mass gain. These results parallel changes in gall bladder function preceding cholesterol gallstone formation in humans and other mammals.

What are the long term side effects of gallbladder removal?

Gallbladder surgery side effects Difficulty digesting fat. It may take your body time to adjust to its new method of digesting fat. Diarrhea and flatulence. Indigestion can cause diarrhea or flatulence, often made worse by excess fat or too little fiber in the diet. Constipation. Intestinal injury. Jaundice or fever.

How can you test for gallstones at home?

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Abdominal ultrasound. This test is the one most commonly used to look for signs of gallstones. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). This procedure can help identify smaller stones that may be missed on an abdominal ultrasound. Other imaging tests. Blood tests.

How is cholelithiasis diagnosis?

What tests do health care professionals use to diagnose gallstones? Ultrasound. Ultrasound is the best imaging test for finding gallstones. Computed tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cholescintigraphy. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).

How do you prevent cholelithiasis?

A sensible diet is the best way to prevent gallstones. Avoid crash diets or a very low intake of calories (less than 800 calories daily). Seek out good sources of fiber -- raw fruits and vegetables, cooked dried beans and peas, whole-grain cereals and bran, for example -- and avoid eating too much fat.

Who is at risk for cholelithiasis?

Men older than the age of 60 and women between the ages of 20 and 60 are at increased risk of developing gallstones. Pregnant women are more likely to have gallstones with symptoms.

What is Murphy's sign?

Murphy's Sign. A Murphy sign is a “catch” in the breath elicited by gently pressing on the right upper quadrant and asking the patient to take a deep breath.